Tackling Insecurity, Corruption, and Impunity, Protecting Human Rights in Central America, Strengthening Rule of Law and Fighting Corruption, Fighting Corruption and Exposing Impunity, Enhancing Accountability: Police and Justice Reform, Drug Policy Debate and Reform in the Americas, Women, Drug Policies, and Incarceration in the Americas, Due Process and Access to Justice for Migrants, The WOLA Human Rights Awards & Benefit Gala. This new force, and López Obrador’s May 11 executive agreement, further cast doubts on the future of national civilian policing in the country, as well as civilian oversight over. In a recent development, a former member of the Mexican Navy, in March 2020 in relation to the emblematic case of the 43 disappeared students from Ayotzinapa on charges of torture, obstruction of justice, and abuse of authority. In October 2019, the Mexican government reported that it had deployed some 12,000 federal agents, including National Guardsmen, in the southern border zone, and almost 15,000 federal agents to Mexico’s northern border states. and security experts have expressed concerns about the recent decree for these reasons. He proposed that the force should be made up of soldiers and Federal Police agents and operate under the command of the military. Only about half of the Federal Police, some 18,240 agents, decided to join the National Guard. In the first two months of 2020 (the most recent data available), the CNDH. Police and prosecutors’ offices, not soldiers, are tasked with interacting with the civilian population to prevent crime and violence and to carry out investigations and legal prosecutions. “This isn’t a decision we took yesterday or a week ago,” she said. The National Guard claimed that troops returned fire after shots were fired from the vehicles. ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. – Airmen and Soldiers of the New Mexico National Guard Joint Task Force are supplying food and water to New Mexico communities during the COVID-19 response … against the National Guard for accusations of forced disappearance, cruel and inhuman treatment, and arbitrary detention. The National Guard’s internal controls should be accompanied by strong external oversight mechanisms. about the number of soldiers and National Guard members that are deployed in different security activities, such as migration enforcement, drug eradication, and guarding oil pipelines. Obrador should take firm steps to strengthen Mexico’s criminal justice and civilian police institutions, as the most effective way of building effective, rights-respecting security policy in Mexico. History files of the Army National Guard Organization, 1949-63; and the Air National Guard … Still, he argued that the National Guard was unnecessary. Mexico plans to first distribute 70,000 National Guard members across the country and then swell the ranks to 150,000 in the coming months, bringing together federal police, marines, … Administrative decimal file, 1920-53. Under López Obrador, the military’s role also goes beyond public security. Despite making steps in the right direction, the internal affairs unit still had its weaknesses. The New Mexico National Guard is a trusted and influential organization recognized as a top National Guard force, capable and competent to meet the challenges of the 21st century. The recommendations. A November 2017 WOLA report found that 97 percent of the crimes and human rights violations committed by soldiers against civilians that were investigated by the federal Attorney General’s Office between 2012 and 2016 had yet to be punished by the time of issuing the report. The rest of the National Guard’s members are soldiers that were transferred over from the army or navy. One was that it invested the majority of its time and resources into investigating minor infractions, while largely neglecting more serious irregularities and allegations of abuse. The event is hosted by NMNG's Environmental Programs to promote recycling. (Photo by Joseph Vigil) ALBUQUERQUE, N.M - The New Mexico National Guard is helping support two alternate … When the National Guard was created, the government expected that most Federal Police agents would move over to the new force, but this has not been the case. All this increases the risk that actors in the armed forces who commit human rights violations will never be held accountable. The vast majority of human rights violations committed by soldiers are never adequately investigated and sanctioned. SCOTT SIMON, HOST: In exchange for avoiding President Trump's tariff threat, Mexico said it would crack down on migrants travelling north through the country by deploying its National Guard … Three months later, on May 27, the law regulating the National Guard, The National Guard officially assumed all federal policing functions on December 31, 2019, a decade after the, and 90 years after the creation of Mexico’s, . The move grants soldiers many of the same responsibilities as members of civilian police forces, such as detaining suspects, securing crime scenes, and carrying out arrest warrants. cases of arbitrary killings, illegal use of force, torture, and forced disappearances. To guarantee accountability for guardsmen who engage in corruption or violate human rights, it’s paramount that the internal affairs unit shift its priorities. He has given the Mexican Army the responsibility of constructing several large-scale development projects, including a new airport near Mexico City, parts of a new train network known as the Mayan Train, which will connect popular tourist destinations in southern Mexico, as well as 2,700 new banking centers that will form part of the government’s newly created “Bank of Well-Being.”. “We need more … Under López Obrador, the military’s role also goes beyond public security. Before the Federal Police was dismantled, its. As discussed below, Just weeks before taking office, and even after Mexico’s Supreme Court struck down as unconstitutional the, which would have legalized the military’s role in public security, López Obrador announced his intention to create a new, to assume federal policing functions. The high percentage of the National Guard that is staffed by soldiers raises serious questions about the civilian nature of the force. The constitutional reforms that created the National Guard appeared to take a step in the right direction by establishing that the new force would be a civilian force under civilian leadership, but a year after its creation, the López Obrador administration has shown that this commitment only exists on paper. President Andrés Manuel López Obrador of Mexico at the official launch of Mexico’s new National Guard force. They have the power to detain suspects and collaborate with public prosecutors’ offices to investigate crimes. Members of the National Guard have also been implicated in cases of extortion and have been accused of having ties to organized criminal groups. On April 24, 2020, the Mexican government, that 76 percent of the 76,773 deployed National Guard members had been transferred over from these two military branches (50,553 came from the military or navy police and 5,980 were army soldiers on loan to the National Guard). 14,833 National Guard members, while the navy has recruited 6,337. on social media of National Guardsmen eating at a restaurant in Puebla with members of a family-based organized criminal group involved in oil theft and drug trafficking. While the reforms creating the National Guard stipulated that it should be a civilian force under civilian direction, the majority of the force’s manpower, leadership, funding, and equipment comes from the armed forces. While the National Guard was launched with great fanfare, since its, on July 2, 2019, it has yet to bring about a measurable reduction in crime or violence. Homicide rates in the city of almost nine million people have jumped as much as 50 percent in some months, compared with a year earlier, although in other months they have remained relatively stable. Critics say the force is ill-equipped to carry out policing. In May, for example, there were 157 homicides; in May 2018 there were 98. On the contrary, March and April 2020 registered the, In what appears to be a tactic recognition of the National Guard’s ongoing shortcomings, on May 11 López Obrador issued an, that expands and formalizes the power of Mexico’s armed forces to participate in public security tasks. However, the executive decree that López Obrador signed on May 11 to expand the powers of the armed forces does not include language that guarantees compliance with these concepts, apart from establishing 2024 as an end date for the military’s role in public security operations. The Adjutant General – New Mexico National Guard Major General Kenneth A. Nava serves as the Adjutant General for the State of New Mexico. Washington Office on Latin America1666 Connecticut Ave NW, Suite 400Washington, DC 20009. As WOLA has, previously, this presents troubling concerns for criminal investigations given the frequency in which soldiers and Federal Police agents. In early May, a video surfaced of members of the National Guard extorting a criminal known as “El Cholo” in Sonora. A November 2017. found that 97 percent of the crimes and human rights violations committed by soldiers against civilians that were investigated by the federal Attorney General’s Office between 2012 and 2016 had yet to be punished by the time of issuing the report. Last week, Mexico announced it reached a deal with the U.S. to pay the shortfall in its annual … (61,252 from the army and 15,450 from the navy). © 2020 United States National Guard ELIGIBILITY. State Government National Security State Government National … New Mexico National Guard . While the crime rate is still relatively low in the capital compared with much of the country, it has been rising, and two high-profile killings in recent weeks have focused political attention on the problem. “This is a task we have been developing for several months.”. At the U.S.-Mexico border, agents have impeded migrants and asylum seekers from crossing into the United States. Of the 505 criminal investigations that were launched, only 16 convictions had been secured. Alfredo Estrella/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images, President Felipe Calderón first sent the military to fight drug gangs. In mid-April, photos circulated on social media of National Guardsmen eating at a restaurant in Puebla with members of a family-based organized criminal group involved in oil theft and drug trafficking. On February 28, 2019, Mexico’s Congress passed the, that created the National Guard, while setting a five-year limit on the use of the military in public security tasks. Rather than cementing the military’s role in public security. In both cases, the head of the National Guard, Luis Rodríguez Bucio, condemned the acts and affirmed that the force’s internal affairs unit would investigate the accusations. Another concern is that the majority of the force’s funding and equipment, , and each of the National Guard’s recruitment centers are located at army bases. The National Guard’s internal controls should be accompanied by strong external oversight mechanisms. One was that it invested the majority of its time and resources into investigating minor infractions. Military police personnel are part of … The inductees of the NMNG Hall of … We need your help to spread the word, change the culture of cruelty and abuse, and protect the rights of migrants. Documentation by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights found evidence that Mexican marines were also behind the torture of another detainee in the case, which resulted in the victim’s death. In early May, of members of the National Guard extorting a criminal known as “. Despite making steps in the right direction, the internal affairs unit still had its weaknesses. National Guard. In what appears to be a tactic recognition of the National Guard’s ongoing shortcomings, on May 11 López Obrador issued an executive decree that expands and formalizes the power of Mexico’s armed forces to participate in public security tasks. A little over half of the 150,731 federal security agents deployed across the country belong to the. 47 Bataan Blvd, Santa Fe, NM 87508 (505) 424-3760. On Sunday, three white pickup trucks bearing the National Guard’s insignia and carrying officers holding guns drove along an avenue at the edge of the city in a show of force. On April 24, 2020, the Mexican government reported that 76 percent of the 76,773 deployed National Guard members had been transferred over from these two military branches (50,553 came from the military or navy police and 5,980 were army soldiers on loan to the National Guard). At the U.S.-Mexico border, agents have. Rather than cementing the military’s role in public security, López Obrador should take firm steps to strengthen Mexico’s criminal justice and civilian police institutions, as the most effective way of building effective, rights-respecting security policy in Mexico. Moreover, the force’s first chief, Luis Rodríguez Bucio, is a recently retired army general and all of the National Guard’s commanders are also, . A little over half of the 150,731 federal security agents deployed across the country belong to the Mexican military (61,252 from the army and 15,450 from the navy). Albuquerque NM 87123 or your local Armory. Kirtland Air Force Base 2251 Air Guard Rd SE Albuquerque, NM 87117 Get Directions Talk with a Recruiter Visit the the Recruiting Office to speak directly with a Recruiter.They can answer your questions, tell … More recently, the CNDH, the Inter-American Commission for Human Rights (IACHR), and numerous national and international human rights organizations criticized the National Guard’s response to the January 2020 migrant caravan for its excessive use of force against the migrants in the caravan, including women and children. On February 28, 2019, Mexico’s Congress passed the constitutional reforms that created the National Guard, while setting a five-year limit on the use of the military in public security tasks. What the numbers do make clear is that even before López Obrador’s May 11 executive decree, the military was leading the vast majority of Mexico’s federal security efforts. Mexico’s president, facing intense pressure to bring record-breaking homicide rates under control, has begun to deploy the country’s new National Guard in Mexico City. Mexico City has one of the country’s best-trained local police forces in the country, and the deployment of militarized forces could prompt a backlash in the famously liberal city, he said. However, it is not clear from the government’s information which force is in charge where or how joint operations are taking place. The New Mexico Army National Guard has already been working closely with the Navajo Nation to move vital supplies and assist with services related to public safety. n initiated the massive deployment of soldiers across the country in 2006—has failed to curtail violence and has instead led to widespread human rights violations. What the numbers do make clear is that even before López Obrador’s May 11 executive decree, the military was leading the vast majority of Mexico’s federal security efforts. According to the decree, soldiers can be deployed anywhere in the country, for any security purpose, and they will only be subject to their own internal controls. So did Mr. López Obrador’s decision to dismantle the previous government’s anti-kidnapping strategy, one of the only measures against crime that had begun to show success. Just weeks before taking office, and even after Mexico’s Supreme Court struck down as unconstitutional the Internal Security Law which would have legalized the military’s role in public security, López Obrador announced his intention to create a new National Guard to assume federal policing functions. The New Mexico National Guard is part of the armed forces of the U.S. state of New Mexico. These agents make up less than a quarter of the new force. had made important progress in strengthening its capacity to carry out effective investigations. The deployment of Mexican soldiers across the country to patrol streets and crack down on organized crime has also failed to reduce crime and violence. In the southern state of Chiapas, agents are stationed at different parts along the border and at the Suchiate river, and they often accompany officials from Mexico’s National Migration Institute (Instituto Nacional de Migración, INM) at checkpoints and in other migration enforcement operations. In both cases, the head of the National Guard, Luis Rodríguez Bucio, condemned the acts and affirmed that the force’s internal affairs unit would investigate the accusations. In addition to federal crimes, the National Guard can investigate common crimes such as homicide and robbery if the Guard director has signed an agreement with state or local authorities. A transitory article in the constitutional reforms establishing the National Guard provided a legal framework for the armed forces to continue participating in public security tasks for up to five years while the National Guard becomes fully operational. MEXICO CITY — Members of Mexico’s newly created national guard are to be deployed this week to the country’s southern border, forming a force that will eventually reach 6,000 as part of … Between January 2007 and September 2019, the CNDH issued 159 recommendations for human rights violations perpetrated by members of the armed forces. By Anthony Esposito. Since the National Guard has assumed the Federal Police’s role, the Inter-American Court’s order to establish the independent observatory now applies to the National Guard. One year after Mexico enacted the law regulating the country’s new National Guard on May 27, 2019, President Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s landmark security force has fallen far short of becoming a federal body capable of effectively addressing Mexico’s security crisis. While the Federal Police was marred by several cases of corruption and grave human rights violations, experts have argued that it would have been better to build on the force’s achievements and correct its flaws than to dismantle it all together, given the importance of establishing an effective civilian police force at the federal level. Militarization has also come at a high cost for human rights in Mexico. In the first five months of 2020, the army has. In a recent development, a former member of the Mexican Navy was arrested in March 2020 in relation to the emblematic case of the 43 disappeared students from Ayotzinapa on charges of torture, obstruction of justice, and abuse of authority. As WOLA has highlighted in the past, the Mexican government’s increasing dependence on the armed forces for public security tasks has come at the expense of strengthening civilian police institutions. The ruling came after the human rights court heard a case involving the arbitrary detention and sexual torture of 11 women in the town of San Salvador Atenco, in Mexico State, at the hands of state and federal police agents in May 2006. The deployment included detachments from Española, … The New Mexico National Guard Hall of Honor will induct the members of the class of 2020 in an online ceremony virtually Saturday, November 21, 2020. The move grants soldiers many of the same responsibilities as members of civilian police forces, such as detaining suspects, securing crime scenes, and carrying out arrest warrants. As discussed below, the López Obrador administration has only deepened the militarized nature of public security in Mexico and made civilian policing at the federal level nearly obsolete. While the National Guard has not yet been implicated in as many cases of grave human rights violations as the armed forces and former Federal Police, the new force is not without critique. Mexico's National Guard is made up of at least 60,000 members from several law enforcement branches and other military agencies, too, and have been tasked with combating … In fact. Members of the National Guard can be involved in, inspecting backpacks on the metro in Mexico City to working on dismantling criminal groups. On May 20, 2020, the Mexican government provided limited. that it would have been better to build on the force’s achievements and correct its flaws than to dismantle it all together, given the importance of establishing an effective civilian police force at the federal level. Another concern is that the majority of the force’s funding and equipment comes from the armed forces, and each of the National Guard’s recruitment centers are located at army bases. In fact, the Mexican Army and Navy are fully in charge of recruitment operations. Ms. Sheinbaum’s security strategy also includes strengthening the city’s police force. Luis Wertman, the director of Trust and Citizen Impulse, a civil organization that focuses on security issues, agreed that violence was rising and blamed past city administrations, which he said failed to pay enough attention to security and crime prevention. While other cities have been accustomed to a military presence over the past dozen years, since former President Felipe Calderón first sent the military to fight drug gangs, the capital’s residents are wary of the armed forces — a legacy of the military crackdowns on student and opposition protests in the late 1960s and early 1970s, Mr. Wertman said. 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