1835: Samuel Anderson leaves Launceston to establish third permanent Victorian settlement at Bass in Western Port. Tasmania History. At the time of British settlement in 1803, the indigenous population was estimated at between 5,000 and 10,000 people. The early settlers were mostly convicts and their military guards, with the task of developing agriculture and other industries. Pl… The land mass now known as Tasmania was cut off and the Aboriginal people living here were isolated. Tasmania, Australia Online Genealogy Records These are genealogy links to Tasmania online databases to assist in researching your family history. 1877 – The penal settlement at Port Arthur was closed. 1826 was also the year that the Legislative Council met formally for the first time. Interesting facts about Tasmania The first European to discover Tasmania was Abel Tasman, a Dutch seafarer, merchant and explorer. The first settlement was by the British at Risdon Cove on the eastern bank of the Derwent estuary in 1803, by a small party sent from Sydney, under Lt. John Bowen. Lieutenant John Bowen, who led the first Tasmanian settlement at Risdon Cove, and his surveyor James Meehan, initiated the … The website's Companion to Tasmanian History is a comprehensive volume providing information about every important aspect of Tasmania's history. In 1820, Tasmanian roads were first macadamised and carthorses began to replace bullocks. 1827 saw the first regatta-style events on Derwent River and Van Diemen's Land Company began settlement at Emu Bay (now Burnie). Both plans failed miserably. Tasmania was inhabited by an Indigenous population, the Aboriginal Tasmanians, and evidence indicates their presence in the territory, later to become an island, at least 35,000 years ago. They made tools and containers from wood, bone, stone, seaweed, bark, grass and sinew. The last wild Tasmanian tiger was killed between 1910 and 1920. Structurally, Tasmania constitutes a southern extension of the Great Dividing Range. Tasmanian wine production showed great promise in its early stages but there was a period in the region's history when it all but vanished. Then in 1798, Matthew Flinders became the first person to circumnavigate Tasmania. The following year marked the arrival of first Catholic clergyman, Father Phillip Conolly and on his second visit, Governor Lachlan Macquarie chooses sites for Perth, Campbell Town, Ross, Oatlands, Sorell and Brighton. The Eur… 1830: Administration launches "Black Line" military campaign across most of colony to round up Aboriginal people; in seven weeks two are shot and two are captured, 1831: New land regulations discontinue free, 1832: Ends of martial law against Aboriginal people, 1832: Regular Hobart-Launceston coach service begins, 1832: Maria Island penal settlement closes, 1832: Derwent Light ("Iron Pot") lit for first time. The first settlers explored the Coal River Valley area in 1803. In 1828, martial law was also declared against Aboriginal people in settled areas after Van Diemen's Land Company shepherds killed 30 Aboriginal people at Cape Grim and regular mail services with Sydney began. Key Facts & Information HISTORY OF TASMANIA. 1835: First meeting to establish Launceston Bank for Savings. In 1772, a French expedition led by Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne landed on the island. They Store Fat In Their Tails. They shared many traits with Australian mainland Aboriginal people but also developed physically and culturally into a distinctive population. In 1804 Lieutenant-governor David Collins moved the settlement across the river and Hobart was founded. It is estimated there were around 5,000 thylacines in Tasmania when Europeans settled in the area, according to National Museum Australia. 1854 – The two houses of Parliament (upper and lower) were established. Coastal people relied on the sea for much of their diet. The Tasmanians were hunters and gatherers. Launceston was proclaimed a municipality by an Act of Parliament on 30 October 1852. Captain James Cook also sighted the island in 1777, and numerous other European seafarers made landfalls, adding a colourful array to the names of topographical features. The first European to see Tasmania was Abel Tasman who arrived in 1642. TASMANIA, island S. of Australia and Australian state; established as a penal colony in 1803.Jewish names appear in its early history. Twelve thousand years ago sea level was rising as the most recent period of global glaciation eased. Historian Lyndall Ryan's analysis of population studies led her to conclude that there were about 7000 spread throughout the island's nine nations;[1] Nicholas Clements, citing research by N.J.B. History has told us Aboriginal people in Tasmania almost exclusively occupied open plains. Tasmania is a large island off the southern coast of mainland Australia. Stands of the clone are believed to be as old as 43,600 years old, reputedly making it the world’s oldest living plant clone. Bonwick, James: The Last of the Tasmanians, p 270-295, Ryan, Lyndall: The Aboriginal Tasmanians, 1991, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park, Tasmanian Historical Research Association, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Tasmania&oldid=982789976, Use Australian English from December 2011, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1804: Soldiers temporarily refuse guard duties at Risdon amid fears of. 1817: New Government House occupied in Macquarie St, on site of present Town Hall, lower Elizabeth St and Franklin Square. Tasmania is the largest of Australia's islands and the 26th largest Island in … It is estimated that people inhabited Tasmania as early as 20,000 to 40,000 years ago via a land bridge that connected the Australian mainland to other surrounding islands. 1820 also saw the first Wesleyan (Methodist) meeting in the colony. Hobart experienced a disease epidemic which was blamed on rivulet pollution. The first European to spy Tasmania was Dutch navigator Abel Tasman, who bumped into it in 1642. the protected area. The proclamation came 47 years after the area then known as Patersonia, had been settled by a British garrison lead by Lieutenant Colonel William Paterson. The pademelon is a stocky animal with a relatively short tail and legs to aid its movement through dense vegetation. Tasmania (/ t æ z ˈ m eɪ n i ə /; abbreviated as TAS, nicknamed Tassie, Bruny Island Tasmanian: Lutruwita; Palawa kani: Lutruwita) is an island state of Australia.It is located 240 km (150 mi) to the south of the Australian mainland, separated by Bass Strait.The state encompasses the main island of Tasmania, the 26th-largest island in the world, and the surrounding 334 islands. 1916: Opening of Great Lakes hydro scheme's first stage, 1919: Frozen Tasmanian meat exported for the first time, 1922: Legislation enables women to stand in state elections, 1922: Legacy movement starts with founding of Remembrance Club in Hobart by Major-General Sir, 1924: Private company starts first Tasmanian radio station, 7ZL (now part of ABC), with regular broadcasts from, 1925: Workmen open David Collins' grave during conversion of old St David's Cemetery into St David's Park, 1927: Inquiry into proposed bridge linking Hobart city with eastern shore, 1927: Visit by Duke and Duchess of York (future, 1928: Voting in Tasmanian state elections becomes compulsory (federal voting became compulsory in 1924), 1929: Hobart gets automatic telephone system, 1932: Ivan and Victor Holyman start air service between Launceston and, 1932: Former premier Joseph Lyons becomes, 1933: Commonwealth Grants Commission appointed to inquire into affairs of claimant states, including Tasmania, 1935: Five die when Holyman Airways plane, 1935: Hobart gets first electric trolley buses, 1935: Legislation for three-year state parliament terms, 1936 (7 September): Last known Tasmanian tiger (, 1936: First commercial flights use federal aerodrome at Cambridge, 1936: Submarine telephone cable service begins between Tasmania and Victoria via, 1936: First two area schools (renamed district schools in 1973) open at Sheffield and Hagley, 1937: Five-year state parliamentary terms return, 1939: Death in office of prime minister Joseph Lyons, 1940: Tasmanian soldiers leave for North African campaign with, 1941: Australian Newsprint Mills' Boyer plant becomes first in world to produce newsprint from hardwood, 1942: Women 18 to 30 called up for war work, 1946: Australian National Airways plane crashes at Seven Mile Beach, killing 25, 1946: Last horse-drawn Hobart cab ceases operation, 1947: War-affected migrants begin arriving from Europe to work for Hydro-Electric Commission, 1947: Edward Brooker takes over as Labor premier after Robert Cosgrove's resignation to face corruption and bribery charges. They managed their environment carefully, moving around their country to harvest seasonal food resources and using fire to maintain grasslands which supported an abundance of wallabies and kangaroos. The Island was named Van Diemen’s Land in honor of the governor of the Dutch East Indies at that time. A proclamation made in 1828 by Lieutenant-Governor George Arthur excluded Aboriginal people from settled areas and was the year of the Cape Grim massacre. The first settlement was by the British at Risdon Cove on the eastern bank of the Derwent estuary in 1803. If not for a few visionaries who saw the potential the island's cool climate and soil varieties had to offer, Tasmania might never have been reborn as the wine-producing region it is today. George Augustus Robinson started his mission to protect Aborigines and take them to a settlement on Flinders Island. 1833: Robert Massie arrives in Tasmania takes up position as Engineer with Van Diemens Land Co. 1834: Convicts evacuating Macquarie Harbour capture brig, 1834: Daily Hobart-New Norfolk steamship trips begin, 1834: Launceston "female factory" completed, 1834: Point Puer boys' convict establishment opens at Port Arthur, 1834: First coal shipment leaves convict mines on Tasman Peninsula, 1834: Jury trial system for all civil cases begins, 1834: Horse-drawn coaches begin taxi-style service, 1834: Henty brothers leave Launceston for Portland Bay to make first European settlement in, 1835: Nearly all remaining Tasmanian Aboriginal people surrender to George Augustus Robinson and are moved to Flinders Island. Top 10 dates in Tasmanian history. In 1823 the Presbyterian Church's first official ministry in Australia occurred in Hobart and the first Tasmanian bank, Bank of Van Diemen's Land, was established. It contains a wealth of information relating to community life, local history and biographies. History Tasmania was first settled as a penal colony in 1803, but even before that the coast was explored in the early 1600’s by Abel Tasman. Almost 42 percent of the land area in the island is included as the protected … 1948: Robert Cosgrove resumes premiership after acquittal on corruption and bribery charges, 1948: ABC forms Tasmanian Symphony Orchestra on permanent basis, 1948: Antarctic research station established on, 1949: Government introduces compulsory X-rays in fight against tuberculosis, 1949: Tasmanian politician Dame Enid Lyons, widow of former prime minister Joseph Lyons, becomes first woman to reach federal ministry rank, as Executive Council vice-president, 1951: Italian and German migrants arrive to work under contract for, 1952: Government ends free hospital scheme, 1952: Single state licensing body formed for hotels and clubs, 1953: Tasman Limited diesel train service begins between Hobart and northern towns, 1953: Housing Department created to manage public housing, 1954: Hobart Rivulet area damaged as severe floods affect southern and eastern Tasmania, 1954: Metropolitan Transport Trust formed, 1954: Spouses of property owners get right to vote in Legislative Council elections, 1955: Royal commission appointed to inquire into, 1955: House of Assembly gets first two women members, Liberals Mabel Miller and Amelia Best, 1955: Hobart becomes first Australian city to get, 1955: First ingot poured at Bell Bay aluminium refinery, 1955: Labor Party's federal conference in Hobart brings, 1956: University of Tasmania Council dismisses Professor Sydney Orr, alleging improper conduct by him with female student; Orr launches unsuccessful court action against university for wrongful dismissal, 1956: Tasmania gets first woman mayor, Dorothy Edwards of Launceston, 1957: Water Act establishes Rivers and Water Supply Commission, 1958: Hobart waterside works block two Australian Labor Party (Anti-Communist) members, father Frank Hursey and son Denis, from working in dispute over their objection to paying union levy that would partly go to ALP; police guard Hurseys after court order; Supreme Court awards them damages, 1959: High Court verdict in Hursey case upholds unions' right to levy members for political purposes, expel those who refuse to pay, 1960: Hobart trams cease, succeeded by electric, 1960: First meeting of Inland Fisheries Commission, 1960: Opening of new State Library headquarters, 1960: First city parking station opens in Argyle Street, 1961: Construction of Hobart-Sydney ferry terminal begins, 1963: University of Tasmania completes move to, 1965: Official opening of Tasmanian Conservatorium of Music, 1967: Tasmanian joins other states in approving full constitutional rights for Aboriginal people, 1967: Hydro-Electric Commission tables plans in State Parliament to dam, 1968: Full adult franchise introduced for Legislative Council elections, 1968: Hobart trolley buses cease, replaced by diesel vehicles, 1968: Savage River iron ore project officially opens, 1969: Tasmanians vote Labor Party out after 35 years in office, Liberal-Centre Party forms coalition government, 1969: Worst floods in 40 years hit Launceston, 1970: Parliament legislates for permanent daylight saving time, 1970: State marine research laboratories at, 1971: First state Aboriginal conference held in Launceston, 1972: Conservationists lose battle to prevent flooding of, 1972: Liberal-Centre Party coalition government collapses, 1972: Tasmanian College of Advanced Education opens in Hobart, 1972: Tasmanian Aboriginal Centre opens at Tasmanian Aboriginal Information Centre, 1974: Three die when boiler explosion demolishes laundry at Mt St Canice Convent, Sandy Bay, 1974: Tasmanian workers under state wages board awards get four weeks annual leave; woman awarded equal pay, 1974: Hobart suburban rail services cease, 1975: Hotels allowed to open for Sunday trading, 1976: Members of Aboriginal community ritually cremate, 1976: Freight equalisation scheme subsidises sea cargo to and from state, 1977: Repaired Tasman Bridge reopens to traffic, 1977: Royal visit, during which Aboriginal activist, 1977: Tasmanian Film Corporation launched, 1978: Australian National Railways takes over Tasmanian rail system; Tasman Limited ceases operations, ending regular passenger train services in state, 1978: Hydro-Electric Commission proposes power scheme involving, 1979: Tasmanian College of Advanced Education moves to Launceston, 1979: Hobart gets increased Saturday morning shopping, 1979: Government expands South-West conservation area to more than one-fifth of state's total area, 1982: Tasmanians elect Liberals as government in their own right for first time in state's history, 1983: Tasmanian Aboriginal Land Council established, 1984: Official opening of Wrest Point Convention Centre, 1985: Municipal rationalisation advances with Launceston taking over St Leonards and Lilydale, 1987: High Court decision bans logging in Lemonthyme, southern forests, 1988: International fleet of about 200 sailing, cruise and naval ships from about 20 countries calls at Hobart as part of Australian, 1988: Tasmanian Sporting Hall of Fame opens, 1991: Savings Bank of Tasmania and Tasmanian Bank amalgamate as Trust Bank, 1993: Tasmania's unemployment rate reaches 13.4%, 1994: End to 80 years of dam building as state's last power station, Tribute, opens near, 1994: HMAS Huon naval base decommissioned, 1995: All-day Saturday shop trading begins, 1995: Government announces legislation to transfer 38 km, 1995: States unemployment rate falls to 9.6% as number of Tasmanians in work sets record, 1997: Tasmania becomes first state to formally apologise to Aboriginal community for past actions connected with the ', 1997: Hobart Ports Corporation succeeds marine board, 1997: State Parliament repeals two century-old laws that together made all male homosexual activity criminal, 1997: Official opening of Hobart's Aquatic Centre, 1997: Nixon report recommendations include single chamber State Parliament with 27 members, government asset sales, 1998: Federal Government sells Hobart and Launceston airports, 1998: Parliament reduced from 54 members to 40–25 Members of the. 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